A few years ago, as the centennial anniversary of the 19th Amendment approached, I realized that most histories of suffrage focused on white women, usually those in the eastern United States.
At the time, I was teaching at the University of New Mexico and knew there were many suffrage stories about different groups of women from other parts of the country. So I set out to research them.
The result was Recasting the Vote (November 2020), a collective biography of six suffragists of color that encourages us to expand our understanding of who fought for the vote and why.
These suffragists—Yankton Dakota Sioux author and activist Gertrude Bonnin (Zitkala-Ša); Wisconsin Oneida writer Laura Cornelius Kellogg; Turtle Mountain Chippewa and French lawyer Marie Bottineau Baldwin; African American poet and clubwoman Carrie Williams…